The tires take the greatest weight and force, and have to be inflated as per the manufacturer’s terms. Besides air pressure, tires need to be watched for any obvious ripping or wear and tear. The wheels too need usual fine-tuning and correction, and should be checked for dents and twists that may occur by way of impact with firm objects or when the bicycle falls. The optimum method to inspect a wheel is to rotate it fast and look at it for unusual movement. The wheel should rotate without movement from side to side. If it does, make sure to adjust it. The spokes also must be firm and fixed tightly to the rims. The spokes convey weight and, when damaged, must be replaced right away.
Next to the handlebars and brakes, the tires are the most critical for safety and a good ride.
The handlebar is similar to the steering wheel of an automobile, and a critical element in directing the bicycle. It should to be aligned to have the best fit for comfort and safety. The first modification is the elevation. It should not be too high or too low, but should be positioned so that you can hold onto it at ease. The handlebar must be correctly aligned with the front wheel, to get the best results when the bike swerves or to make even changes in direction. In the same way, it is essential that the front fork is in proper position and in working order. It stabilizes the handlebar and should be fixed firmly to the handlebar post. The bike pedals should be observed to be sure that they are securely in place.
The brakes are vital for a cyclist’s safety and must be looked at continually for best operation. To inspect the brakes, squeeze the brake levers and move the bike forward. When the brakes are adjusted properly, the brake gripper pad will be maintained squarely on the rim surface without coming into contact with the tire and the wheels will not move forward. If the brake levers, come into contact with touch the handlebar when applied, it indicates that the brake cables are too loose. Adjust them or change them if they are worn out.
The chain needs proper lubrication for smooth and proper movement. The chain should also be cleaned of debris frequently using a good de-greaser to get rid of the grime that accumulates on the lubricant. Remember to apply new lubricant as soon as the old grease has been removed. This will help stop the chain from jumping the teeth or getting stuck and will keep it from rusting.
The seat adjustment is a critical part of comfort and safety too. It should always be tight and the height of the seat should allow for full extension of your legs when the pedal is in the lowest part of it’s circular motion. This keeps the legs from being bent all the time.
The height of the bicycle should be tested for each individual rider. The height is tested by straddling the bike with both feet on the ground and lifting the front tire off the ground. You should be able to raise the bike about an inch before the bikes bar is restrained by your crotch area.